Article III: competitor practices in individual events

  1. Students competing in individual events are expected to provide sufficient support for their claims. The ethical use of evidence includes appropriate citations, accurate representation of evidence content, and avoidance of plagiarism and reflection of autonomous student work.
  2. Appropriate Citations of Evidence: Outside sources shall be verbally cited during the speech. A verbal citation shall include sufficient information for an audience member to locate the source. The AFA-NIET recommends the following (additional information may be included):
    1. Print periodicals shall be cited with the title of the periodical and date of the publication regardless if the material was electronically retrieved. The date a source is accessed online is not considered the primary publication date. For example: "According to the May 21, 2009, New York Times"
    2. Materials distributed via electronic means only should be indicated as such. For example: "According to a May 21, 2009 on-line report by the Associated Press"
    3. Books shall be cited with the title, date and author. Essays or articles collected in an anthology should be cited using the primary author's name not the editor of the collection. When applicable, students should find and cite the original publication of the anthologized work. For example: "Augusto Boal argues in his 1979 book Theatre of the Oppressed"
    4. Webpages shall be cited using either a brief URL or the name of the sponsoring organization and the date on which the page was posted. In absence of a posted-on date, students should use the date the page was last updated. The date a source is accessed online is not considered a primary publication date. For example: "As reported on www.ptoweb.org last updated May 2009" and "The AFA-NIET states on its website last updated April 10, 2009."
    5. Interviews shall be cited with the name of the interviewee, his/her qualifications and the date on which the interview occurred. Interviews include face-to-face, e-mail, chat, facebook, and other forms of electronic exchange. For example: "In an e-mail correspondence on July 7, 2009 with Joe White, former Chair of the Tucson, AZ Habitat for Humanity Board of Directors"
  3. Accurate Representation of Evidence: When incorporating evidence into a speech, students shall avoid the following:
    1. Citing evidence out of context
    2. Misinterpreting evidence to alter intent or meaning
    3. Cutting words from or adding words to a quotation or paraphrase in such a way that the intent or meaning of the evidence is altered
  4. Avoidance of Plagiarism: In individual events which require the construction of the speech to be the original work of the student (persuasion, informative, after-dinner, communication analysis, impromptu, extemporaneous, or other similar speaking events) the speaker shall not commit plagiarism.
    1. Plagiarism is defined as claiming another's written or spoken words as one's own, or claiming as one's own a significant portion of the creative work of another.
    2. A speech in individual events competition is considered plagiarized when the student presenting it was not the principal person responsible for researching, drafting, organizing, composing, refining, and generally constructing the speech in question
  5. Reflection of Autonomous Student Work: Forensics competitors are expected to do their own research.
    1. Persons other than competitor (e.g., undergraduate students, graduate students, instructors/coaches) are not to be charged with the responsibility of doing a forensics competitor's research.
    2. This provision shall not be construed to prevent coaches or assistants from engaging in limited research designed to:
      1. Teach research techniques,
      2. Provide examples of high quality research or,
      3. Identify areas of research for students
  6. Ethical Use of Literature in Individual Events (as iterated in the AFA-NIET Charter/Bylaws)
    1. Contestants may not rewrite a prose, a poem, or a dramatic text so the work differs from the original text.
    2. Contestants may not add or reassign scenes or lines to the performed cutting. Although an occasional line might be added, especially if a character has been deleted, this practice should be discouraged.
    3. Contestants may not rewrite the ending of a work.
    4. Contestants may not rewrite lines to change the gender or person of a character.
    5. Contestants may not perform a text in a genre for which it has not been written.
    6. Protests should be filed according to AFA-NIET Charter and By-laws Section X.